A home loan or housing loan is an amount borrowed by individuals for a fixed tenure from financial institutions to buy, construct, repair or renovate a residential property. Lenders charge an interest on the amount borrowed, which has to be paid by the borrowers along with the principal amount.
Home loan or housing loan is one of the most popular products offered by banks and NBFCs to customers. Home loan is also the largest selling banking product and the one that ensures the longest banking relationship with the lender. Owning a home of your own is generally an obvious as well as a major decision in a person’s life. However, the cost of construction or purchase of property is quite high and this is where home loans play a major, almost indispensable role for majority of home buyers. Home or housing loans are advances made to borrowers who require funds to purchase houses/flats/land. They can also be availed of for construction, extension and renovation of houses. Lenders can be banking or non-banking financial institutions.
In the last few years, real estate has been one of the most lucrative investment options for investors. No matter how profitable it sounds, the rising stature of real estate as an investment option has led to soaring prices of property in the country. Both land and buildings have become extremely expensive for customers to buy. This has led to a surge in the number of home loans that are applied for each day.
Depending upon the type of property being purchased and the quantum of loan being availed, home loans can be classified into the following different types. In India, banks and NBFCs generally offer home loans under any one of the following listed variants of housing loans.
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